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Local Development Strategy of the Zegrzynski Lake FLAG Area (an abstract)
The „Zegrzyński Lake Fishery Local Action Group” association was estblished on 9 November 2009. The establishing meeting in Legionowo gathered representatives of three sectors: the social, the economy and the public one.
Social sector within FLAG is represented by „Dziedzictwo Nadbuzańskie” (The Bug River Heritage) Foundation, Association of Supporters to Development and Promotion of Nowa Wies, Association for Development of Laki Village, Civic Committee of Support to Commune of Serock, Association for Support to Polish Culture and Folklore, Association for Creative Initiatives „Trzecia Fala”, Association of Farm Tourism and Pensions "Woda i Las", as well as by the citizens of the area.
Economy sector within FLAG is represented by: the Mazovian District of the Polish Engling Association - PZW (which, at the same time, is the key representative of the fishery sector in te area), „Ulmarex” Irena Jasińska company, F.H.U. „D.A.S.A.” company, „Tawerna u Greka” Andrzej Nawrozidis company, „Klucz Stable” Grażyna Kojro-Michalska company, „EKOPOWER 21 Ltd.” enterprise, „Stanisław Augustyniak” enterprise and other entrepreneurs - inhabitants of the FLAG area.
Public sector is represented by seven communes of the area covered by the Local Development Strategy (LDS) being: Dabrówka, Jablonna, Nieporet, Radzymin, Serock, Somianka and Wieliszew, as well as Legionowski Powiat (Legionowski county), Environmental Engineering Department of the Warsaw Technical University and the Culture Animation Centre in Serock.
Significant, unique in the region of Mazovia, share of waters in the total surface of the area, reaching 8%, constitutes a distinctive feature of the Zegrzyński Lake FLAG area. It results from the fact that the FLAG area boasts three out of four biggest Polish rivers: Wisla (Vistula), Narew and Bug. Watters of the two latter ones have been banked up in 1964 by the Debe Dam to create the Zegrzyński Lake – a reservoir with a surface of 3,300 ha, average depth of 5.7 m and a volume of 94.3 Mm3. It serves as a reservoir of water for inhabitants of Warsaw, a flood prevention and energy supply means, as well as recreational and tourist area. Zegrzyński Lake is connected with the Vistula by 17-km long Zeranski (or Krolewski) Canal. The area boasts also a number of other canals being: Bródnowski, Wieliszewski and Komornicki one, small rivers: Rzadza, Czarna, Klasówka, as well as small lakes: Klucz, Góra, Olszewskie, Drzazewo, Wieliszewskie, Kwietniówka, Przerwaniec, Parów Koński and the old river bed of the Bug.
High, by Central Mazovia standards, forestage index exceeding 25% is another distinctive feature of the FLAG area. Situated in the Warsaw Basin the area’s southern part is the most forested, while its northern and eastern part, situated in Ciechanów and Wolomin Plains are more used by agriculture. Significant part of the FLAG area natural environment – over 57% - is under legal protection of diversified level. There are 9 areas here, constituting 9.3% of the total surface, protected by the Natura 2000 system, as well as 10 nature sanctuaries and 169 nature monuments.
The area has been populated since prehistoric times. The oldest traces of human settlements, dating back to over 8,000 years B.C., have been found in the village of Komornica in the commune of Wieliszew. This culture, named „komornicka”, being one of the oldest discovered in Europe, have covered part of Poland, Germany, Denmark and the southern Sweden.
In Middle Ages a significant part of the area belonged to the Bishops of Plock and Princes of Mazovia. Later part of the land was transferred into hands of noble families, such as the Nałęczes, the Poniatowskis, the Potockis, the Radziwills, the Krasińskis. Being a part of central Poland, the area shared over the ages its fate, the good and the bad one.
Period of regaining and consolidation of Poland’s independence, after 123 years of partitions, from organisation of the Pilsudski’s legions until the September 1939 campaign, is the most remembered one by the citizens. Environs of Radzymin were a theatre of the Battle of Warsaw in August 1920, which has earned a popular name of the „Miracle on the Vistula”, when the Polish army led by Jozef Piłsudski stopped at the gates of Warsaw the march of the soviet Red Army trying to export the communist revolution to the rest of Europe.
The area experienced also the military tornado of 1939. The Narew river was a defence line of the northern boundaries of Warsaw. The Jablonna palace served shortly as a headquarters of the „Modlin” Army. River crossing in Debe was defended by the 5 infantry division of general Juliusz Zulauf. Bodies of 300 Polish soldiers, who died in the battle, have been buried and commemorated with a monument in Wieliszew cemetery. German occupation of the area resulted in extermination of the local Jewish community.
Despite turbulent history, which brought substantial damage, the area has retained significant number of historical monuments, which depict its reach culture and history. The most important include:
• medieval urban setting and the late-gothic church in Serock,
• XIX-century military buildings in Beniaminowio, Zegrze, Debe and Janówek,
• the Poniatowskis palace in Jablonna,
• Virgin Mary church from 1651 in Nieporet, a votive offering of the king Jan Kazimierz after the victory over the Swedish army,
• the Radziwills’ palaces in Zegrze and Jadwisin,
• Jewish cemetery in Serock, with several dozens of tombstones,
• archeological site in village of Krubin containing settlement traces from the period between 3,000 B.C. and IV century A.D.,
• civil engineering works: Zerański Canal and Debe Dam on the Narew with 20 MW hydropower station.
People, who rendered great services to Polish state and culture constitute an important part of non-material cultural and historical heritage of the FLAG area. Most Poles are familiar with such names like Poniatowski and Potocki (owners of an estate with a centre in Jablonna), great poet Cyprian Kamil Norwid (born in commune of Dabrówka), writer and playwright Jerzy Szaniawski (once living in Zegrzynek and buried in Wola Kielpińska), Witold Zglenicki – discoverer of oil fields in the Caucasus (connected with the Debe estate) or the Centkiewiczes - the writers couple, authors of adventure books about the Arctic and the Antarctic (who lived in Zegrzynek).
Social and Economic Features
The Zegrzyński Lake FLAG area has common social and economic features, usually related to its location next to the Warsaw agglomeration. Nevertheless, it is not completely homogenious, certain internal diversification can be noticed. The location of the area causes that, opposite to typical rural areas in Poland, its population is not shrinking, but growing. The inhabitants are rather active (although more in individual than social dimension) and relatively well educated.
Rural population prevails, with near 86% share in total population. The population of the area is rather young: people in post-working age group account for circa 12%, while people in pre-working age group - 21%, and 2/3 of the total population is in the working age group.
Number of inhabitants grows steadily and quickly in the result of inflow of people from outside of the FLAG area, mainly from Warsaw. Over the period of last 11 years the population of the area has increased by 25%.
The above figures are the average ones. In reality, particular parts of the area are diversified, along with heavily urbanized sub-areas such as communes of: Jablonna, Nieporet or part of commune of Radzymin, typical rural, agricultural areas can be found in communes of: Somianka, Dabrówka, Serock, Radzymin or Wieliszew. It means that, in parallel to inflow of people to the FLAG area a typial for agricultural areas process takes place: outflow of inhabitants, predominantly the young, mainly to Warsaw. Both processe result in a visible change of a social structure of the area.
The economy of the area is relatively diversified. Agriculture, once its main sector, today – despite a significant number of existing farms – some 6 thousands in total – plays an ever decreasing role – it has been replaced by services and (usually small) manufacturing. It is still relatively important in communes of: Dabrówka, Radzymin, Somianka and Serock, although more as a source of employment than an income. Disappearance of agriculture is a result of, on one hand – settlement attractiveness of the area, on another – not very favourable conditions for agriculture: poor soils and small size of farms, not allowing a sufficient income.
There are over 7 thousands registered businesses in the area – the biggest number (1.951) in commune of Radzymin, the smallest (above 300) – in commune of Somianka (which, however, is the least populous commune). The trade sector dominates, as in whole country. Other branches are very diversified, but certain local specialisation can be noticed in some areas. It is construction services and industrial food-processing - in Wieliszew, production of ceramic construction materials, production of confectionery and logistic services - in Dabrówka and the nearby Radzymin.
Tourist services is an outstanding sector of economy of the FLAG area, due to its potential and, at the same time, a feature, which differentiates the area from majority of rural areas of Mazovia. It is connected to the fishery sector as it is based on the same resources being the waters of the area. The Zegrzyński Lake and surrounding area have an important recreational function and, to more limited extent, a tourist one, predominantly for inhabitants of the Warsaw agglomeration. They offer good conditions for practising such water sports like: sailing, windsurfing, kayaking, powerboating, ice sailing and angling. Existing infrastructure and natural assets of the area support also practising sports and tourism not related with water such as: horse riding, biking, walking, golf, paragliding, team games. Summer houses constitute a particular recreational infrastructure. They are quite evenly distributed in the area, except for commune of Jablonna, where they are less common. Their total number exceeds 20,000.
The fishing activities in the FLAG area are caried out by the Polish Angling Association (Polski Zwiazek Wedkarski - PZW), Mazovian District in the Zegrzyński Lake and in adjacent sections of the rivers Narew and Bug. The membership of the Mazovian District of the PZW, organized in 95 groups, exceeds 61,000. PZW has been selected in a competitive procedure as a user of the fishing district called „Zegrzyński Reservoir on Narew River, no. 7”. PZW activity is defined as ‘fishing-angling use of the waters respecting the biological conditions’. It boasts a fishery base in Wierzbica on Zegrzyński Lake (commune of Serock) including piers, warehouses, cool storage and an office. The area of the PZW fishing district on Zegrzyński Lake, Bug and Narew rivers within the FLAG area is 2,400 hectares. Additionally it includes Zerański Canal an dsmaller rivers and lafes outsidr the FLAG area. A number of fish species within the district is estimated at up to 38, including 23 with an economic value.
Mission of the Fisheries Local Action Group Zegrzyński Lake and the Vision of its Area
Elaboration and implementation by the Fisheries Local Action Group Zegrzyński Lake is an element of fulfillment of the FLAG’s mission. The mission has been defined by the FLAG members as follows:
„Mobilizing the local community for the use of fishery traditions and potential of the Zegrzyński Lake area to build competitive and innovative region based on principles of sustainable development”.
The end effect of the fulfillment of the FLAG mission will be the achievement of the vision of its area, which goes:
„The Zegrzyński Lake region – competitive and innovative area, using its fishery-related potential and traditions for the sake of its sustainable development”.
Objectives and activities envisaged by the Local Development Strategy (LDS)
The Local Development Strategy of the Zegrzyński Lake FLAG aims at achievement of three following strategic objectives:
Strategic Objective 1: To raise the awareness of the need to protect the natural environment of the FLAG area as a precondition for development of fishery and tourism, as well as for maintaining the quality of life of its inhabitants.
Strategic Objective 2: To use rationally the Zegrzyński Lake for the sake of the economic development of the area, in particular of tourism and recreation.
Strategic Objective 3: To develop fishery in area of the Zegrzyński Lake FLAG.
The strategic objectives will be achieved through a set of following specific objectives:
For Strategic Objective 1: To raise the awareness of the need to protect the natural environment of the FLAG area as a precondition for development of fishery and tourism, as well as for maintaining the quality of life of its inhabitants:
• Specific Objective 1.1: Ecological education of communities and institutions, which have an impact on quality of natural environment;
• Specific Objective 1.2: Promotion of positive, pro-ecological attitudes and popularization of good practices, which benefit the environment of the area;
For Strategic Objective 2: To use rationally the Zegrzyński Lake for the sake of the economic development of the area, in particular of tourism and recreation:
• Specific Objective 2.1: Definition of potential for development of tourism and recreation in the context of protection of the Zegrzyński Lake;
• Specific Objective 2.2: Development of a civic system for monitoring of quality of water and other elements of natural environment;
• Specific Objective 2.3: Enhancement of tourist attractiveness of the area
• Specific Objective 2.4: Development of services for local communities and visitors of the FLAG area;
For Strategic Objective 3: To develop fishery in area of the Zegrzyński Lake FLAG:
• Specific Objective 3.1: Elaboration and promotion of structural solutions supporting the fishery at national level (cooperation projects);
• Specific Objective 3.2: Limitation of pathologies having a negative impact on fishing activity;
• Specific Objective 3.3: Amelioration of water conditions of the area;
• Specific Objective 3.4: Promotion of fishery and angling education of youth and adults.
The implementation of the LDS of the Zegrzyński Lake FLAG will take place through the provision of suport to various operations meeting the requirements defined by the Operational Programme „Sustainable Development of Fishery Sector and the Coastal Fishery Areas 2007-2013” and in Order of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, dated 15 October 2009, concerning specific conditions and procedures for granting, payment and repayment of financial assistance for means covered by the priority axis 4 – Sustainable development of fishery-dependent areas of the Operational Programme, which at the same time contribute to achievement at least one strategic and one specific objective of the Local Development Strategy and which are carried out by entities defined for particular types of operations as described in the above mentioned order. Driver by individual features of the LDS-covered area and of the local fishery sektor, as well as by factors, which constitute an opportunity or threat for development of the area and the sector, the FLAG will select, first of all, the following kinds of operations:
● relating to Specific Objective 1.1: Ecological education of communities and institutions, which have an impact on quality of natural environment:
→ Organisation of ecology workshops for children and teenagers, primary and secondary schools;
→ Activities promoting the natural heritage of the area;
→ Cooperation of various entities for protection of natural environment of the area;
● relating to Specific Objective 1.2: Promotion of positive, pro-ecological attitudes and popularization of good practices, which benefit the environment of the area:
→ Ecology contests for inhabitants of the area;
→ Exchange of experience with other areas in Poland and Europe, study visits;
● relating to Specific Objective 2.1: Definition of potential for development of tourism and recreation in the context of protection of the Zegrzyński Lake:
→ Functional analysis of the Zegrzyński Lake;
→ Stimulation of civic pressure on institutions in charge of natural environment (support to ‘watchdog’ type of organizations and social-public partnerships in relevant areas);
→ Inspiring civil initiatives for appropriate changes in local law;
● relating to Specific Objective 2.2: Development of a civic system for monitoring of quality of water and other elements of natural environment:
→ Operations serving the protection of precious natural land and water areas;
● relating to Specific Objective 2.3: Enhancement of tourist attractiveness of the area:
→ Operations concerning modernisation and development of small tourist infrastructure;
→ Operations concerning revitalisation of historical monuments;
→ Operations concerning revitalisation of towns and villages
→ Operations concerning creation of facilities presenting culture, art and fishery traditions of the FLAG area;
→ Operations facilitating physical access of the disabled to tourist, recreation and sport facilities;
→ Creation of facilities for public access to Internet, including ‘hot spots’;
→ Integrated forms of promotion of entire FLAG area;
● relating to Specific Objective 2.4: Development of services for local communities and visitors of the FLAG area:
→ Creation and development of small firms offering services to local community and visitors to the area;
→ Participation in diversified forms of education enabling a change of professional qualifications to those not related to fishery;
● relating to Specific Objective 3.1: Elaboration and promotion of structural solutions supporting the fishery at national level (cooperation projects):
→ Initiatives for adjustment of wildlife protection law related to fish-eating species to take into account their current populations;
→ Activities aiming at reduction of practices in river basins having a negative impact on quality of their waters;
● relating to Specific Objective 3.2: Limitation of pathologies having a negative impact on fishing activity:
→ Project timing at raising awareness of pathological practices;
→ Projects increasing effectiveness of institutions In charge of prevention of pathologies;
● relating to Specific Objective 3.3: Amelioration of water conditions of the area:
→ Operations including investment related to water regime management resulting In more rational use of the FLAG area water resources, not related to breeding of water species;
→ Operations including maintenance and enhancement of water routes of the FLAG area;
● relating to Specific Objective 3.4: Promotion of fishery and angling education of youth and adults:
→ Establishment of facilities for promotion of fishery traditions of the area;
→ Establishment of fishing and angling education centres.
The total value of financing, which Zegrzyński Lake FLAG may receive from 2007-2013 Operational Programme funds, is 17,675,552.90 PLN. Percentage distribution of this amount among particular kinds of projects within Means 4.1 axis 4 of the Operational Programme is as follows:
• „Enhancing competitiveness and maintaining attractiveness of fishery-dependent areas” – 44.6 %
• „Restructuring and reorientation of an economic activity and diversification of employment of fishery-dependent employees through creation of additional jobs outside this sector” – 10.14 %
• „Increasing value of fishery products, development of services for community in fishery-dependent areas” –15.25 %,
• „Protection of natural environment and natural heritage in fishery-dependent areas in order to maintain its attractiveness and restore the production potential of the fishery sector, when damaged in result of natural or industrial disaster” – 15.22 %,
• „Functioning of the fishery local action group (FLAG), development of skills and animation of local communities” – 9,99 %.
Allocation to Means 4.2 „Support to Interregional and International Cooperation” amounts to 4.82 % of total axis 4 funds granted to ZL FLAG.
In sectoral perspective, 8,969,000 PLN has been allocated as support for economy and social sectors, which translates to 50.74 % of the total FLAG budget. Share of the public sector in axis 4 support is 6,090,000 PLN, or 34.45 % of the budget.